Solid-State Devices and Nanotechnology
CHIPS and Science Act: Implications and OpportunitiesThe CHIPS and Science Act of 2022 promises to revitalize the U.S. semiconductor industry. Dennis Sylvester offers his perspective on what it means for ECE.
A view into what’s really happening during gene editing for Precision CRISPRProf. Somin Lee and her research group developed a way to reduce trial and error in gene editing by getting a look at the process in real time
Photosynthesis copycat may improve solar cellsThe new approach moves energy efficiently and could reduce energy losses converting light into electricity.
Ester Bentley receives Impact award for her research with the goal of GPS-free navigationBentley presented her research as an NDSEG Fellow. She is working to make smaller, more affordable high accuracy navigation-grade gyroscopes.
Toward manufacturing semitransparent solar cells the size of windowsA peel-off patterning technique could enable more fragile organic semiconductors to be manufactured into semitransparent solar panels at scale.
Kamal Rudra awarded Laser Technology, Engineering and Applications Scholarship from SPIERudra, an ECE Master’s student, specializes in solid state and nanotechnology, and his work could help shape the future of AR/VR technologies.
Elaheh Ahmadi receives 2022 ISCS Young Scientist Award for seminal contributions to MBE N-polar (Al,Ga,In)N and (Al,Ga)2O3 heterostructuresAhmadi has received numerous young faculty honors and awards, and has advanced the state of the art in her field.
Yongmo Park awarded IBM PhD fellowship to support his research on in-memory computing systemsPark works with Prof. Wei Lu on advancing resistive random-access memory (RRAM, or memristor) devices to accelerate AI computing.
Overcoming the efficiency cliff of red micro-LEDs for virtual/augmented realityProf. Zetian Mi leads a team that created highly-efficient red micro LEDs suitable for augmented and virtual reality.
Graphene-hBN breakthrough to spur new LEDs, quantum computingStudy uncovers first method for producing high-quality, wafer-scale, single-layer hexagonal boron nitride
Ashley Jian receives Barbour Scholarship to further her research on high-power electronicsJian works to improve the efficiency of high-power electronics for better energy security and sustainability.
Subhajit Mohanty awarded Richard and Eleanor Towner Prize for Distinguished Academic AchievementMohanty’s research is focused on advancing high electron mobility transistors for next generation wireless technologies.
Ashley Jian awarded Marian Sarah Parker Prize from the College of EngineeringJian’s research is focused on improving the efficiency of high-power electronics, which is important for energy security and sustainability.
‘Exciton surfing’ could enable next-gen energy, computing and communications techA charge-neutral information carrier could cut energy waste from computing, now that it can potentially be transported within chips.
New understanding of neurons in the hippocampus: they’re all the sameA longstanding collaboration between engineers and neuroscientists leads to new insights into how neurons work in the hippocampus.
Ashley Jian is working to improve the efficiency of high-power electronics for better energy security and sustainabilityJian received a Best Presentation award at the Electronic Materials Conference for her research focused on enabling very high efficiency power devices.
Quantum tech: Semiconductor “flipped” to insulator above room tempDiscovery could pave the way to high speed, low-energy quantum computing.
Research full speed ahead on manufacturable III-V materials for next-generation electronicsA recent breakthrough in ferroelectric III-V semiconductors at the University of Michigan has been followed by several advancements and new funding to bring the technology closer to market.
Mimicking a human fingertip's sensitivity and sense of direction for robotic applicationsWith the help of 1.6 million GaN nanopillars per sensor, the University of Michigan team was able to provide human-level sensitivity with directionality on a compact, easily manufactured system
Egg-carton-style patterning keeps charged nanoparticles in place and suitable for a wide range of applicationsProf. Jay Guo and his team discovered a scalable way to settle down and precisely arrange micro- and nano-sized particles according to size
Elaheh Ahmadi receives DARPA Young Faculty Award to support future sensor and communication systemsAhmadi’s research is focused on using GaN and Ga2O3 materials to provide higher output power per unit area at higher frequencies.
$1.8M to develop room temperature, controllable quantum nanomaterialsThe project could pave the way for compact quantum computing and communications as well as efficient UV lamps for sterilization and air purification.
$1 Million DARPA contract to empower the wireless systems of the futureProf. Elaheh Ahmadi is working to design a new kind of semiconductor that can provide high power at high frequencies
High Efficiency Ultraviolet Light Emitting Diodes to sterilize pathogens, including COVID-19Research led by Prof. Zetian Mi has been honored with the 2020 Editor-in-Chief Choice Award from "Photonics Research."
Michigan startup MemryX, Inc. promises faster, cheaper AI processingThe ECE startup builds neuromorphic computer chips uniquely suitable for AI applications
Nanotech OLED electrode liberates 20% more light, could slash display power consumptionA five-nanometer-thick layer of silver and copper outperforms conventional indium tin oxide without adding cost.
Dawn of nitride ferroelectric semiconductors for next-generation electronics
The ability to precisely tune electrical polarization switching through molecular beam epitaxy is a gamechanger
3D motion tracking system could streamline vision for autonomous tech
Transparent optical sensor arrays combine with a specialized neural network in new University of Michigan prototype
Artificial photosynthesis devices that improve themselves with use
"Our discovery is a real game-changer. I’ve never seen such stability."
Four ECE graduate students recognized by NSF Graduate Research Fellowship Program
Four ECE doctoral students were selected for their outstanding research work in a variety of disciplines.
$6.25 million to develop new semiconductors for artificial photosynthesis
An interdisciplinary team from four universities are developing a new class of semiconductors for novel artificial photosynthesis and the production of clean chemicals and fuels using sunlight, as part of a DoD MURI
“Egg carton” quantum dot array could lead to ultralow power devices
By putting a twist on new “2D” semiconductors, researchers have demonstrated their potential for using single photons to transmit information.
Elaheh Ahmadi receives CAREER Award to improve efficiency in high power electrical systemsThe research could improve efficiency in systems such as electric vehicles, grid systems, mass transit, and industrial automation
Christopher Allemang awarded IEEE EDS PhD Fellowship for his work advancing thin-film electronics
Allemang focuses on amorphous oxide semiconductor thin-film electronics, which can support the next generation of electronic skins, textiles, solar cells, and displays.
Podcast: Artificial photosynthesis for sustainable solar fuels
In S1E1, Prof. Zetian Mi talks unlocking quantum properties to close the loop on carbon emissions.
Burn after reading
A self-erasing chip for security and anti-counterfeit tech.
Full-color nano-LEDs for better, longer lasting LED performance
Research led by Prof. Zetian Mi to advance LEDs for high-efficiency, high-performance displays is recognized with the Distinguished Paper Award from the Society for Information Display.
Urban solar energy: Solar panels for windows hit record 8% efficiency
Transparent solar panels on windows could take a bite out of a building’s electricity needs.
Professors Jay Guo and Zetian Mi awarded MTRAC funding for research in autonomous and green vehicles
Guo is working to boost the visibility of autonomous cars for improved safety, and Mi is building a prototype solar hydrogen production system that could out-compete electric cars.
Making plastic more transparent while also adding electrical conductivity
Michigan Engineers change the game by making a conductive coating that’s also anti-reflective.
Elaheh Ahmadi receives ONR Young Investigator Award to prepare for the next generation of wireless technology
Prof. Ahmadi will contribute to the science and technology of efficient, high-frequency, high-power transistors for 5G and beyond
Russel Lecture: Fighting climate change with organic electronics
The researcher-entrepreneur who helped bring OLED displays to the masses envisions a future of efficient lighting and next-gen solar power.
Toward a portable concussion detector that relies on an infrared laser
By looking at tissue oxygen and cell metabolism at the same time, doctors could have a fast and noninvasive way to monitor the health of brain cells.
A 3D camera for safer autonomy and advanced biomedical imaging
Researchers demonstrated the use of stacked, transparent graphene photodetectors combined with image processing algorithms to produce 3D images and range detection.
‘Green methane’ from artificial photosynthesis could recycle CO2
A catalyst on a solar panel can make methane, the main component of natural gas, with carbon dioxide, water and sunlight.
Beyond Moore’s Law: taking transistor arrays into the third dimension
Thin film transistors stacked on top of a state-of-the-art silicon chip could help shrink electronics while improving performance.
Prof. Elaheh Ahmadi receives AFOSR Young Investigator Program award
Prof. Ahmadi will investigate promising new materials needed for an increasingly electrified world
Jamie Phillips named Director of the Lurie Nanofabrication Facility
Phillips – who specializes in optoelectronic devices for next generation infrared detectors, solar cells, and thin film electronics – shares his goals for the 13,500 sq. ft. state-of-the-art cleanroom facility.
Can organic solar cells last – even into the next millennium? These might.
Finally, proof that organic photovoltaics can be as reliable as inorganic, with real-life desert testing
The new quantum spurs action by the Michigan Quantum Science & Technology Working Group
The new working group showcased Michigan’s strength in Quantum Science at a workshop attended by researchers throughout the University of Michigan.
First programmable memristor computer aims to bring AI processing down from the cloud
Circuit elements that store information in their electrical resistances enable a brain-like form of computing, storing and processing information in the same place.
Kirigami can spin terahertz rays in real time to peer into biological tissue
The rays used by airport scanners might have a future in medical imaging.
The Future is Carbon Neutral
Prof. Stephen Forrest is co-chair of U-M’s Commission on Carbon Neutrality as part of U-M’s commitment to combat climate change and craft a sustainable future for all.
Toward brain-like computing: New memristor better mimics synapses
Competition and cooperation, which regulate the strengthening and weakening of connections in the brain, can now be modeled directly.
Pallab Bhattacharya to receive 2019 IEEE Jun-ichi Nishizawa Medal
Bhattacharya honored for the development and commercialization of quantum dot lasers.
$1.6M for solar cell windows and high-temperature solar power
New sustainability research garners support from Department of Energy’s Solar Energy Technologies Office.
A window into the future of solar power
Windows in the buildings of the future could double as efficient solar cells.
Photosynthesis and Clean Energy
Prof. Zetian Mi talks about a new way to create energy from the sun – borrowing from the idea of photosynthesis.
It takes two photonic qubits to make quantum computing possible
Professors Ku and Steel are applying their expertise to take key next steps toward practical quantum computing
Blue Sky and Research Accelerator Initiatives fund solar fuel and high-power research
Blue Sky: Up to $10M toward research so bold, some of it just might fail
Inspired by startup funding models, Michigan Engineering reinvents its internal R&D grant structure.
Memory-processing unit (MPU) could bring memristors to the masses
AI, weather forecasting and data science would all benefit from computers that store and process data in the same place. Memristors could be up to the task.
An even smaller world’s smallest ‘computer’
The latest from IBM and now the University of Michigan is redefining what counts as a computer at the microscale.
How to color-code nearly invisible nanoparticles
With a bit of metal, nanoparticles shine in colors based on size.
Harvesting clean hydrogen fuel through artificial photosynthesis
New device doubles previous efficiency, opens path to commercial viability.
Organic solar cells reach record efficiency, benchmark for commercialization
The multi-layered organic solar cells will be able to curve in clothing or be transparently built into windows.
Solar cells enable self-powered camera
A solar cell combined with a camera sensor collects photons to provide electricity.
Semiconductor breakthrough may be game-changer for organic solar cells
Buildings, clothing could generate power.
New quick-learning neural network powered by memristors
U-M researchers created a reservoir computing system that reduces training time and improves capacity of similar neural networks.
Deep UV LEDs lead to two best poster awards at ISSLED 2017
New techniques to construct deep UV LEDs prove prize-worthy.
New funding for high-fidelity nerve mapping research
SPARC awarded $1M to a U-M project developing better nerve mapping.
Bionic heart tissue: U-Michigan part of $20M center
Scar tissue left over from heart attacks creates dead zones that don’t beat. Bioengineered patches could fix that.
$7.75M for mapping circuits in the brain
A new NSF Tech Hub will put tools to rapidly advance our understanding of the brain into the hands of neuroscientists.
Next-gen computing inspired by biology
New memristor chips can see patterns over pixels.
Transparent Silver: Tarnish-proof films for flexible displays, touch screens, metamaterials
A little silver goes a long way to improving touchscreens, displays, and much more
Prof. Zetian Mi elected SPIE Fellow for contributions to photonic devices and artificial photosynthesis
Prof. Mi conducts research in the area of semiconductor optoelectronics, specifically in the areas of III-nitride semiconductors, low dimensional nanostructures, LEDs, lasers, Si photonics, artificial photosynthesis and solar fuels.
Wei Lu receives CoE David E. Liddle Research Excellence Award
Prof. Lu is an internationally recognized leader in the development of memristors for memory and logic applications. He has also developed nanowire transistors suitable for flexible electronics and opto-electronics.
Becky Peterson receives NSF CAREER Award for research in amorphous semiconductors for next generation electronics
In this project, Prof. Peterson will develop new alloys of amorphous oxide semiconductors with precisely tuned semiconductor energy band structures, in order to enable new categories of electronic and opto-electronic devices.
Ushering in the next generation of flat-panel displays and medical imagers
Prof. Kanicki expects breakthroughs in both the flat-panel display and imager industries using his-ITZO TFT technology in the near future.
The Lurie Nanofabrication Facility gets a new director
Prof. Wei Lu has been named the new director of the Lurie Nanofabrication Facility (LNF), effective September 1, 2016.
The Michigan Probe: Changing the Course of Brain Research
Some believed early Michigan brain researchers were engaging in “science fiction” – until development of an advanced tool for forging breakthroughs proved them wrong.
Parag Deotare receives AFOSR Award for research in Nanoscale Exciton-Mechanical Systems (NEXMS)
Prof. Deotare’s work will deepen our understanding of the underlying physics of exciton-mechanics interactions and help engineer novel devices for energy harvesting and up-conversion.
Solar power plant: $1.4M grant aims to cut costs
With the help of the grant, improved devices, in combination with a new coating from a U-M engineering lab, could make concentrated solar power cheaper and more efficient.
Two papers by Michigan researchers chosen as IEEE Micro Top Picks
The two papers from Michigan introduced the Sirius personal digital assistant and the MBus bus for modular microcomputing systems.
Novel collaboration to probe brain activity in unprecedented detail
A pilot program will bring together researchers from different universities to collaborate on advancing research that may lead to a better understanding of the human brain.
Making Memory Smaller, Better, Faster, Stronger
Prof. Wei Lu and former student Dr. Sung Hyun Jo co-founded Crossbar, Inc. to tackle the physical limitations of conventional memory technology.
A better 3D camera with clear, graphene light detectors
While 3D films are currently made using multiple cameras to reconstruct each frame, this new type of camera could record in 3D on its own.
Somin Lee receives AFOSR Young Investigator Award for research in bioplasmonics
The award supports research that will help our understanding of how tissues form distinct shapes and structure to become organs, such as lungs, salivary glands, and mammary glands.
Art-inspired solar cells
Kirigami could be the key to flat, lightweight solar cells that can track the sun across the sky.
ECE alumna Ruba Borno to join Cisco’s new executive team
The young executive has an extensive history in both the business and tech worlds.
Cheng Zhang awarded Rackham Predoctoral Fellowship for research on nanophotonic materials and devices
Cheng works with Prof. L. Jay Guo on research projects in the field of micro/nano-scale optical device physics and fabrication.
Somin Eunice Lee receives CAREER award for research in nanoscale biotechnology
Prof. Lee will develop improved methods for gene therapy by delivering corrected genes directly to the cell nucleus of damaged genes.
Student Spotlight: Kyusang Lee: A leader in flexible solar cell technology
Kyusang developed an innovative new fabrication technique to build lightweight, flexible devices not possible with conventional silicon.
Ted Norris receives Distinguished Faculty Achievement Award
Prof. Norris is an internationally recognized expert in the field of ultrafast optics.
Kyu-Tae Lee wins Best Poster Award for colorful solar cells
Thomas Frost receives Best Paper Award for achieving a HQ QD red laser
Lasers emitting in the 600nm wavelength range have applications in medicine, optical information processing, optical storage, and more.
Metal particles in solids aren’t as fixed as they seem, new memristor study shows
The findings show, for the first time, exactly how some memristors remember.
T-ray converts light to sound for weapons detection, medical imaging
U-M researchers demonstrated a unique terahertz detector and imaging system that could bridge the terahertz gap.
Mina Rais-Zadeh receives 2014 ONR Young Investigator Program (YIP) Award
Rais-Zadeh’s devices are expected to enable sensors for use in harsh environment, high-speed wireless communications, and more.
Paradigm shifting research advances in sensor technology
Girish’s research has resulted in a new paradigm in sensor technology that promises both high-speed and highly-sensitive detection.
New tech could lead to night vision contact lenses
The detector developed by University of Michigan engineering researchers doesn’t need bulky cooling equipment to work.
Transparent color solar cells fuse energy, beauty
The cells, believed to be the first semi-transparent, colored photovoltaics, have the potential to vastly broaden the use of the energy source.
‘Photon glue’ enables a new quantum mechanical state
Researchers at the University of Michigan and Queens College used light to create links between organic and inorganic semiconductors in an optical cavity.
Jamie Phillips named Arthur F. Thurnau Professor
Students praise the personal attention he gives them, and his obvious concern for their personal and professional development.
Biochips for better cancer therapy
One promising area of cancer treatment is photodynamic therapy, which combines the agents of a photosensitive drug, light, and oxygen.
Byeongseop Song receives Rackham International Student Fellowship
The Fellowship will help Song to continue his studies in the area of optoelectronics.
Image processing 1,000 times faster is goal of new $5M contract
Lu plans to design and fabricate a computer chip based on so-called self-organizing, adaptive neural networks.
Faster, more powerful mobile devices: U-M startup Crossbar could disrupt the memory market
RRAM is a new form of nonvolatile memory that has the potential to replace the flash memory commonly used in tablets, digital cameras and solid-state drives.
Neural Probe Research recognized with Best Paper Award at 2013 Transducers Conference
“We present a novel strategy to scale up the number of electrodes with minimized risk.”
A new laser paradigm: An electrically injected polariton laser
“It is no longer a scientific curiosity. It’s a real device.”
Ethan Stark awarded NSF Graduate Research Fellowship
Ethan is investigating visible light emitters using GaN microstructures for quantum dot and nanowire-based LEDs and lasers.
Advancing secure communications: A better single-photon emitter for quantum cryptography
The new device improves upon the current technology and is much easier to make.
Scientific Milestone: A room temperature Bose-Einstein condensate
A BEC is an unusual state of matter in which a group of boson particles can exist in a single quantum state, allowing scientists to observe novel quantum phenomena.
Next-Gen E-Readers: Improved peacock technology could lock in color for high-res displays
The research could lead to advanced color e-readers, more energy efficient electronic devices, and improved data storage and cryptography.
Zhaohui Zhong receives CAREER Award for research in graphene-based optoelectronics
The use of graphene-based hot carrier optoelectronics is the key novelty of Prof. Zhong’s research.
Super-fine sound beam could one day be an invisible scalpel
“We believe this could be used as an invisible knife for noninvasive surgery,” Guo said. “Nothing pokes into your body, just the ultrasound beam.”
Seunghyun Lee takes the gold for all-graphene flexible and transparent circuit
Lee believes that graphene will play a pivotal role in realizing high speed, mechanically compliant, and transparent electronic systems in the future.
Combining flexible, transparent electronics with high speed communications for the first time
Prof. Zhaohui Zhong and his team of graduate students have built the first flexible, transparent digital modulator for high speed communications.
Nano-origami project combines art and engineering to further technology
With an origami-like approach, manufacturers could use existing machinery to make high-tech “paper” that can be folded into the desired device.
Thomas Frost awarded NSF Graduate Research Fellowship
He is currently working on semiconductor lasers as part of the research group of Prof. Pallab Bhattacharya.
Artificial synapses could lead to advanced computer memory and machines that mimic biological brains
“This hybrid circuit is a critical advance in developing intelligent machines.”
Next-generation computer memory firm receives U-Ms first startup investment
Crossbar is developing a new nonvolatile memory technology that will offer unprecedented density and power improvements in tomorrow’s electronics.
Jinyoung Hwang receives Best Poster Award for research leading to improved solar cells
The researchers succeeded in drastically suppressing the thermal emission rate in GaSb/GaAs quantum dots — resulting in more efficient solar cells.
‘Perfect black’ coating can render a 3D object flat, raises intriguing dark veil possibility in astronomy
The carbon nanotube carpet is about half the thickness of a sheet of paper and absorbs 99.9 percent of the light that hits it.
ePack, Inc. wins Masco Next Gen Manufacturing Award at Innovation Competition
“ePack utilizes state of the art micromachining technology to provide a cost effective and high performance packaging service for micro- and milli-scale devices.”
Anne Itsuno receives William E. Spicer – Thomas N. Casselman Award
Itsuno has already pursued an in-depth theoretical and experimental investigation on the unipolar HgCdTe nBn detector, which has the potential to replace or supplement the current technology.
Colored solar cells could make display screens more efficient
Professor Jay Guo has developed the reflective photovoltaic color filter device that can convert absorbed light to electricity.
New equation could advance research in solar cellsA groundbreaking new equation could do for organic semiconductors what the Shockley ideal diode equation did for inorganic semiconductors.
Organic laser breakthrough
The team is working toward building organic lasers that, like many inorganic lasers today, can be excited with electricity rather than light.
Prof. P.C. Ku Awarded DARPA Young Faculty Award
The Award engages rising research stars and provides high-impact funding to develop their ideas in the context of Department of Defense needs.
Wei Lu receives CAREER Award
Lu was awarded an NSF CAREER grant for his research project, which intends to develop unconventional, high-performance memory and logic systems.
Duncan Steel will advance quantum information processes in new MURI
Steel will concentrate his efforts on solid state systems, specifically with epitaxially grown InAs/lGaAs semiconductor quantum dots.
Sung-Hyun Jo receives Silver Prize in SAMSUNG Human-Tech Thesis Prize
The Samsung HTP, established in 1994, is one of the most prestige thesis awards in Korea.
Prof. Pallab Bhattacharya To Receive 2008 John Bardeen AwardThe Bardeen Award recognizes an individual who has made outstanding contributions and is a leader in the field of electronic materials.
Prof. Jerzy Kanicki’s group earns Excellence Award for Basic and Original Technology
This work investigates the fundamental effects of illumination on amorphous InGaZnO thin-film transistors.
University of Michigan Office of Technology to showcase inventions
Guo’s computer chip imprinter is one of more than 300 inventions that researchers disclosed last year to U-M’s Technology Transfer office.
Prof. Jamie Phillips receives Young Faculty Award
Pallab Bhattacharya: The race is on
His work involves the conception and realization of synthetically modulated semiconductor structures and nanophotonic devices.
George Haddad: A remarkable legacy
“I love Ann Arbor, I love Michigan,” said Haddad. “The University of Michigan is in my blood.”